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Lavendon School

Happy Children, Happy School; Achieving Excellence in Education.


Spring 2 - Earth & Space

Lesson 1

Learning Objective Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies


Question- What shape is the Earth? How do you know? Write down notes and draw pictures to explain your scientific thinking.

Video link BBC Bitesize clips

Worksheet. See link below

 Challenge- Using spherical objects ( football, marble orange) can you make show how big the Moon is compared to the Earth and how big the Sun is compared to them?

Lesson 2 

Learning Objective Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth


Question Why does the moon move across the sky?  Asking questions is an important part of thinking scientifically. Make a list of the questions you have about the moon. Can you find the answers?


Powerpoint  Describes the movement of the Moon

Worksheet Draw the orbit of the moon

Challenge Using a torch ( the sun) rotate a ball ( the moon) whilst it orbits the sun and look at the shadows on the moon.

Lesson 3


Learning objective Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night, and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.


Question Why is there less sunlight in the winter?

Activity- Put a stick in the ground away from any source of shadows. Mark where the stick shadow is and how long it is. Do this throughout the day. What do you notice? 

Make a sundial using the template 



Find out how many the maximum and minimum hours of daylight we get in the UK. Is it different to other countries?  What happens in countries near the equator or near the poles?